Echinocereus coccineus

Echinocereus coccineus

(Photograph =  Echinocereus coccineus) Introduction Echinocereus is a genus of generally small, North American, ribbed cacti. There are about 70 species according to some estimates, but there may be…

Opuntia basilaris x O. santa-rita hybrid, Chris Ginkel

Hybrids in the Garden

(Photograph = Opuntia basilaris x O. santa-rita hybrid, Chris Ginkel) Introduction Nature is pretty tough. She is strict. Typically, plants in one species will not breed with plants…

Kingman new Opuntia species

Hybrids and New Species of Cacti

(Photograph = possible new species of Opuntia in the Kingman, AZ area) Introduction Opuntias are the “flap jack” cacti. They have flat stems that can be mistaken for…

Opuntia fruit, "tuna"

Cacti are Good for You

(Photograph = Opuntia ficus-indica fruit) Introduction Plants produce many chemicals that are useful for maintaining human health. Among these are antioxidants. Antioxidants are compounds thought to reduce damage…


Cactus DNA: What Does It Tell US?

(Photograph  = DNA strand) Introduction All the cactus species are related, just like all the great ape species (chimpanzee, gorilla, gibbon, and human) are related. But, there are…

Crassula columnaris, Martin Heigen


(Photograph = Crassula columnaris, Martin Heigen) Introduction Crassula species are typically succulent and come from arid areas. Their leaf shapes, arrangements, and colors are often unusual. Many grow easily…

Crassula multiclava, Jacinta Iluch Valero

Crassula Flowers

(Photograph = Crassula multiclava, 4-merous flowers, Jacinta Iluch Valero) Introduction 4-merous (pronounced four‘ mer us) flowers have 4 petals, 4 sepals, and 4 stamens. Likewise 5-merous flowers have 5…

The different colors of desert lichens

Lichens in the Desert

(Photograph = Three different species of desert lichens on rock) Introduction Lichens are made from two different organisms, a fungus and algae. The two organisms play different roles. The fungus…

Opuntia orbiculata, Aguirre Springs, NM

Opuntia Spines Vary Within a Species: A Case Study in Opuntia orbiculata

(Photograph = Opuntia orbiculata, New Mexico) Introduction It is difficult to tell many Opuntia species apart. There are multiple aspects to consider, what is the shape of the pads, where…

Chuckwalla, Craig Howe

Some Mojave Desert Animals

(Photograph = Chuckwalla lizard, Craig Howe) Introduction Deserts are harsh places to live. The Mojave Desert with 4-8 inches of rain is one of the toughest. But creatures…

Opuntia cacanapa

Shameless Promotion of New Web Site

(Photogragh = Opuntia cacanapa with fingerprint) Introduction David Griffiths (1867-1935) was a botanist employed by Bureau of Plant Industry (USDA) in the early 20th Century. An expert on cacti, he described…

Rhipsalis aurea, Andreas Hofacker

Cactus Explorer Magazine

(Photograph = Rhipsalis Aurea, Cactus Explorer No. 14) Introduction Graham Charles writes, “The Cactus Explorer No.14 is ready to download free .” What is the Cactus Explorer? The…

Aloe challisii

Grass Aloes

(Photograph = Aloe challisii,, D.R. McKenzie) Introduction What looks like grass growing in an unkempt meadow but looks like an aloe too? It is a grass aloe….

Neoraimondia gigantea flower

Peruvian Cacti (No. 1)

(Photograph = Neoraimondia gigantea, Craig Howe) Introduction Peru has an amazing complexity of plant life, with tropical rainforests, deserts, rivers. Moreover, these plant habitats range from seal level…

Cactus wren and cholla

Cactus Wren

(Photograph = Cactus wren) Introduction The cactus wren (Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus) is a common sight in the the Western deserts, from far West Texas to California and southern Nevada….

Cephalocereus columna-trajani,

Cephalocereus columna-trajani

 (Photograph = forest of Cephalocereus columna-trajani, Lon and Queta) Introduction reports a number of names have been applied to this magnificent cactus: Cereus columna-trajani, Pilocereus columna-trajani, Pachycereus columna-trajani,…